FAQ

Q #1: What if I use line numbers in my citations in the document to be linked (brief, motion, petition, or etc.). Can HyperCite accommodate line numbers?
A: HyperCite can process documents to be linked that contain line numbers citations. However, the practitioner must follow some specific guidelines. These guidelines are in addition to guidelines specified in the first question of this FAQ.
Anatomy of a simple citation containing line numbers: (1 C.T. p. 103:25-104:5, 125:15-126:34, 201-203, 2991:15-25.)
The numbers in red are line numbers. Numbers in
black are page numbers. A practitioner MUST use
A colon, and only a colon, to indicate line numbers
Commas in blue above signify the end of one page
and line number combination and the beginning of
new combination. A practitioner MUST use a
comma, and only a comma, between one page and
line number combination and another.
Q #2: What if in the citations within the document to be linked (brief, motion, petition, or etc.) contain several different volumes or source documents. Can HyperCite accommodate those citation forms?
A: HyperCite can process documents to be linked that contain citations to multiple volumes or source documents. However, the practitioner must follow one guideline. A semicolon must be placed between different volumes or sources.
: (1 C.T. pp. 103, 125-126, 558-560, 1001; 2 C.T. pp. 301; 5 R.T. p. 10; AOB p. 10.)
: (1 C.T. pp. 103:25-104:5; 2 C.T. pp. 125:15-126:34; 5 R.T. p. 10:15; AOB p. 10:5.)
Whenever citations within the same citation string
reference multiple volumes of the same source, or multiple
different source documents, a semicolon (;) and only a
semicolon must separate the distinct volumes or sources.
Simple citation with multiple
volumes and sources
Line number citation with
multiple volumes and sources
Q #3: Are there special rules for instances where I use an Exhibit or Tab number, like for a writ petition?
A: HyperCite can process writ petitions, however, it is a circumstance that demands one extra step and adherence to some guidelines. When uploading a source document that contains Exhibit or Tab numbers, there is a check box on the HyperCite upload record source page that the practitioner must select. Moreover, the practitioner must keep some citation guidelines in mind.
When a petition/brief
cites to Exhibit or Tab
numbers, this must be
indicated on the source
document upload pane.
Anatomy of a simple writ petition citation: (1 Exh. 5, p. 103-104, 125-126, 201-203, 291; 2 Exh. 10, p. 351.)
Although the above sample does not contain line numbers, line numbers may be employed with Exhibits or Tabs in accordance
with Question #1 of this FAQ.
Moreover, different volumes and source documents may be combined in the same string citation in accordance with Question #2
of this FAQ.
The numbers in red are the exhibit
or tab number. This number must
appear directly after the source
document convention
The source document convention is practitioner defined.
“Tab” is also acceptable in addition to whatever the
practitioner would like to use. However, the convention must
remain consistent throughout all citations when that source
document is referenced
Q #4A: What if my Clerk’s Transcript or Reporter’s Transcript bate stamp numbers do not match the Adobe system’s
page numbers? (The Reporter or Clerk included unnumbered pages)
In order for HyperCite to work properly, the page numbers displayed in the PDF viewer must match the bate stamp numbers of
the reporter’s transcript, clerk’s transcript, or any other source document. The following illustrates when the PDF viewer and bates
stamp numbers match each other
PDF viewer page
number (1 of 192)
Reporter’s
Transcript
Bates Stamp
Number
Page numbers
match!
When HyperCite links citation page numbers to the appellate record, it utilizes the page number displayed by the PDF viewer, not
the bates stamp number. When the page number displayed by the PDF viewer and bates stamp numbers are not the same, this will
cause a problem. Citations citing to bates stamp page one when the numbers do not mate will not go to the proper page.
PDF viewer page number
(7 of 190)
Reporter’s Transcript
Bates Stamp Number
Page numbers do
NOT match!
The reason the page numbers do not match in the above example is the court reporter left the title page and various tables
unnumbered. The reporter started bate stamp page one after six unnumbered pages. A similar problem can arise when the Clerk in
preparing the Clerk’s Transcript decides to un-number the table of contents and title page. In order for HyperCite to work
properly, the page numbers must be synced. The following illustrates how to sync the PDF viewer page number and bates number.
Select and highlight
contiguous pages that the
Clerk or Reporter has not bate
stamped
Right click on any of the
highlighted pages
Select the
“page labels” option
Change style from
page number 1,2,3
to roman numerals
i, ii, iii, …
That way, now
pages 1-6 will be
pages i-vi. Adobe
will not longer
count them as page
numbers.
Technically page seven
of the entire document,
but adobe is pretending
page seven is really page
number one now.
Bates stamp and PDF viewer
page number now match!
Fixed!
Q #4B: What if my Clerk’s Transcript or Reporter’s Transcript bate stamp numbers do not match the Adobe system’s
page numbers? (The Reporter’s or Clerk’s transcripts do not start at page 1)
Sometimes, a Reporter or Clerk will start each date of testimony or volume at a page other than one. For example, your first
Reporter’s Transcript starts at page 100. If your Reporter’s Transcript starts at bates stamp 100, Adobe will read that page as page
one. HyperCite will link a citation to page 100 in the brief to page one. This can be fixed with page labels.
Page numbers do
NOT match!
Select and highlight
contiguous pages starting
with first e.g. page 101
Right click on any of the
highlighted pages
Select the
“page labels” option
Change page 1 to
page 101. That
will sync Adobe
with bates stamp
number
Repeat for multiple
volumes starting on
different pages